Navaratri 2019 in India started on
Sunday, 29 September
and ends on
Monday, 7 October
Navratri is a significant Hindu festival celebrated all through in India and Nepal. It is a pageant devoted to the Goddess Durga or Shakthi – a manifestation of the omnipresent vitality of the universe. The phrase Navaratri in Sanskrit means 9 nights (‘Nava‘ which means ‘9‘ and ‘Ratri‘ which means ‘nights‘). The pageant lasts for 9 nights and 10 days, and the 9 varieties of Devi or Goddess are worshipped throughout this time. Though Navaratri is noticed 5 occasions in a yr, these celebrated on the onset of summer time and winter are having extra significance. Sharad Navratri, the one noticed firstly of autumn or the onset of winter is the preferred one which is often known as Navratri. Vijayadashami or Dussehra is noticed on the tenth day of Sharad Navratri.
Navratri Special Sraswathi Mantras for Students
Navratri in Lunar Calendar
The dates of the Navratri pageant are decided in line with the lunar calendar. It is noticed 5 occasions a yr – Vasanta Navaratri, Ashad Navaratri, Sharad Navaratri, Pausha Navaratri and Magha Navaratri.
Vasanta Navratri falls on the month of Chaitra (March–April) and it marks the beginning of the brand new yr in Hindu lunar calendar. It is noticed throughout the waxing section (Shukla Paksha) of Chaitra month.
Ashad Navratri is noticed throughout the Shukla Paksha (waxing section of moon) of Ashada month (June–July).
Sharad Navratri is crucial of the Navratris which is widely known from the ‘pratipada’ (first day) of the brilliant fortnight (Shukla paksha) of the lunar month of Ashvin. It marks the start of winter (September – October) and is known as Maha Navratri or just Navratri.
Pausha Navratri is noticed throughout the Shukla Paksha (waxing section of moon) within the month of Pausha (December–January).
Magha Navratri falls on the waxing section of moon in January–February.
All these Navratris are 9 day lengthy observances with every day devoted to completely different varieties of Goddess Durga or Shakthi. The starting of spring and the start of autumn are thought of extra sacred for worshipping the omnipresent vitality ‘Mother Durga’.
9 varieties of Maa Durga
The 9 varieties or appellations of Goddess Durga or Shakthi as per numerous Hindu scriptures are the next.
Shailaputri: Also referred to as Parvati or Himavati, she is the daughter of Himavan (king of Himalayas). The identify actually means daughter of the mountains. A manifestation of the ability or vitality behind the Trimurtis, she is depicted as using a bull and carrying a trident and a lotus.
Brahmacharini: The identify actually means one who practices religious asceticism. She is the best way to enlightenment or moksha and is depicted in a white sari, carrying a rosary and a water utensil.
Chandraghanta: She offers the energy to battle all evils. She is proven as having a golden complexion with Three eyes and 10 arms. She rides a lion and carries weapons in her arms. She has a Chandra (crescent) on her brow within the form of a ghanta (bell) and therefore the identify Chandraghanta.
Kushmanda: She is the Goddess of the cosmic egg and is taken into account because the creator of the universe. She is depicted as having Eight arms holding weapons, rosary, lotus and so on. and using a tiger or a lion.
Skandamata: She is the mom of warfare, god Skanda or Kartikeya and therefore the identify Skandamata (‘mata’ means ‘mother’). The chief commander of Devas of their warfare towards demons, she is depicted as having 4 arms and three eyes. The Goddess is proven as seated on a lotus or using a lion and she holds the toddler Skanda on her lap.
Katyayani: She is the daughter of Katyayana rishi, born within the Katya lineage of saints. The legend says that the saint wished to have the Goddess as his daughter and underwent lengthy austerities to obtain Mother Goddess’ grace.
Kaalratri: She is one of the fierce varieties of Goddess Durga and is believed to be the destroyer of all evils and destructive energies. She is depicted as having a fierce look with a darkish complexion, raveled hair and burning vivid eyes. She rides on a donkey and carries a blood-drenched weapon.
Mahagauri: The identify actually means extraordinarily white. The Goddess is white in complexion and very stunning. She is depicted in a white sari with 4 arms and using on a bull. Her higher proper arm is within the pose of allaying worry and decrease right-hand holds a trident. She holds a damaru (tambourine) in her higher left arm and the decrease left arm is within the type of a blessing.
Siddhidatri: Siddhi means supernatural energy and Dhatri means the giver. She removes ignorance and offers the data to comprehend Brahman or final actuality. She is depicted as seated on a lotus and is four-armed. She holds a lotus, mace, Sudarshana Chakra and conch shell on her 4 arms. It is talked about that Lord Shiva worshipped her and was blessed with all Eight siddhis – Anima, Mahima, Garima, Laghima, Prapti, Prakambya, Ishitva, and Vashitva.
These 9 appellations of Goddess Shakthi are respectively worshipped on the 9 9 days of Navratri. Different poojas and observations are related to every of these appellations. Yet, we are able to discover variations in names and varieties in several areas of India. The varieties of Devi/Goddess worshipped differ with the regional traditions. Kali, Jagadamba, Annapurna, Sarvamangala, Bhairavi, Chandika, Lalita, Bhavani, Mookambika, and so on. are some completely different names/varieties worshipped throughout Navratri.
Navratri Celebrations in several areas.
Maha Navratri or Navaratri commences on the primary day (pratipada) of the brilliant fortnight (Shukla paksha) of the lunar month of Ashvin. It ends with the Vijayadashami or Dussehra celebrations on the tenth day (Dashami) of the fortnight. The dates of the pageant are decided in line with the lunar calendar and might have some slight regional variations. Also, the completely different incarnations/names of Goddess worshipped rely on the regional traditions. Hence, within the ten-day celebration from pratipada to Dashami, the each day observances and the times of significance differ with completely different areas in India.
In the areas in North India, Chaitra Navratri and Sharad Navratri are extensively noticed. It contains fasting and worshipping the varieties of Mother Goddess. The 9-day celebrations of Chaitra Navratri culminate in Ram Navami and that of Sharad Navratri in Durga Pooja or Dussehra. The Dussehra celebrations in Kullu, Himachal Pradesh is especially well-known.
In Bengal, the final Four days of Sharad Navaratri are celebrated with a lot fervor. Those days are noticed as Durga Pooja and it’s crucial annual pageant within the state. Idols of Goddess Durga slaying the demon Mahishasura are erected in temples and different locations. These idols are adorned and worshipped throughout these 4 days and are immersed within the river on the fifth day (Dashami).
In Punjab, the Navratri pageant is named Navaratras or Naratey the place the primary seven days are for fasting. On the eighth day (Ashtami), devotees break their fasts by inviting younger ladies to their houses the place they’re handled because the goddess herself. They are known as ‘Kanyak Devis’ and devotees ceremonially wash their ft, worship them and supply conventional delicacies together with bangles, purple scarves and a token quantity of cash known as ‘shagun’. Another follow throughout Navaratras is sowing seeds (pulses or cereals) in a pot on the primary day and watering it for the 9 days. This follow indicating fertility worship is named Khetri. The pot is worshipped all through the 9 days, on the finish of which the seeds get sprouted.
Navratri is one of the most important festivals in Gujarat the place devotees rejoice with dancing and singing. Every evening of the pageant is widely known by performing Garba or Dayan Raas dance. Devotees conduct Durga Pooja and then accompany collectively to carry out Garba with a dwell orchestra. For the previous few years, the Government of Gujarat has been organizing the 9 days lengthy Navratri celebrations the place natives in addition to individuals from overseas, participate.
In Goa, on the primary day of the month Ashwin, devotees set up a copper pitcher surrounded by clay in temples or homes. 9 varieties of meals grains are sown in it. Devotees rejoice all of the 9 nights, reciting non secular discourses and devotional songs. Also, they organize a specifically adorned swing known as Makhar during which an idol of Goddess is positioned and is swung in line with the music performed. This ritual accompanied by orchestra and lamps is known as Makharotsav.
In Maharashtra, Ghatasthapana is widely known from the primary day of the month of Ashwin. Ghat association contains an earthen pot full of water and surrounded by clay during which meals grains are sown and allowed to sprout for 9 days. Five stems of jowar are additionally positioned over the pot which completes the ‘Ghat’. Women devotees worship the pot for 9 days, providing rituals and a garland of flowers, leaves, fruits, dry fruits, and so on. Water can be supplied to get the seeds sprouted.
Some individuals conduct Kali Pooja on days 1 and 2, Laxmi Pooja on days 3, 4, 5 and Saraswati Pooja on days 6, 7, 8 & 9 together with Ghatasthapana. A yajna or dwelling is obtainable to Goddess Durga on the eighth day. On a ninth day, after the Ghat Pooja, it’s dissolved by taking off the sprouted leaves of the grains. Some households invite a girl from Matang group and supply meals. The lady is handled as a type of the Goddess and blessings are sought from her. On the event of Dussehra or Vijayadashmi, devotees worship iron utensils and weapons. The iron gear is washed and leaves of Apta (known as ‘sona’) and sprouted grains are supplied. Vidyarambhan – the ceremony marking the start of kids’s studying can be noticed on at the present time.
Arranging Kolu is a vital Navratri commentary in Tamil Nadu. It features a step-like association on which idols/dolls are displayed. The ladies within the neighbourhood invite one another to see the Kolu shows of their houses. They additionally change sweets. Conducting pooja, reciting slokas or hymns and providing meals gadgets to the Goddess can be an element of this commentary. On the ninth day, Saraswati – the Goddess of knowledge is worshipped. Books, musical devices, and so on. are stored for pooja and worshipped. Ayudha Pooja or worship of autos and instruments is one other necessary commentary on at the present time. All industries and mechanical outlets in Tamil Nadu conduct Ayudha Pooja at their premises.
The 10th day or Vijayadasami symbolizes a brand new affluent starting devoid of all evils. New ventures began on at the present time are believed to flourish and children are sometimes let to start out their training on at the present time. In the night of Vijayadashami day, prayers are supplied to thank God earlier than dismantling the Kolu.
Navratri is widely known as Dussehra in Karnataka. Ayudha Pooja on Mahanavami (ninth day) is a significant commentary right here and no matter instruments/devices an individual makes use of in his each day life or for his livelihood is stored for worshipping. Devotees imagine that the brand new ventures began on at the present time can carry success.
The 10 day lengthy Dussehra celebrations have an excellent fervor in Mysore. King Raja Wodeyar-I of Mysore has declared it because the official pageant of the state in 1610. Colorful processions are organized right here on the ninth and the 10th days of the pageant. The conventional Dussehra procession on Vijayadashami (tenth day) is domestically referred to as Jumboo Savari. During this procession ranging from the Mysore palace, a picture of Goddess Chamundeshwari shall be carried on the again of a adorned elephant. An enormous mass of individuals participates on this procession which additionally contains music bands, dance teams, elephants, horses, and camels. The procession ends at Bannimantapa the place a banni tree is worshipped. The tenth-day celebrations finish with a torchlight parade ‘Panjina Kavayatthu’ on the evening of Vijayadashami.
The main Navaratri commentary in Kerala is the worship of Goddess Saraswati from Ashtami (eighth day) to Vijayadashami. It is noticed at temples, houses, faculties, and workplaces as nicely. Books are stored for worship on Ashtami and they’re ceremoniously taken out on Vijayadashami after conducting the Pooja. Ayudha Pooja – the worship of instruments and autos can be a significant commentary right here.
Vidyarambham – initiating kids into studying and writing is crucial Navratri commentary in Kerala. The occasion is performed at houses and temples the place the priest or an aged individual initiates kids to jot down ‘Om Harisree Ganapathaye Namah’ on a plate full of rice. Millions of kids are thus initiated into the world of letters and data on Vijayadashami day.
In Telangana, a area of Andhra Pradesh, Navratri is widely known as Bathukamma. Here, the 9 days are divided into units of Three days and the three completely different elements of the supreme Goddess are worshipped. The three completely different elements of the Tridevis are Durga, Lakshmi, and Saraswati. On the primary Three days, Durga or Kali is worshipped symbolizing the destruction of evils. On the following Three days, Goddess Lakshmi is adored who bestows wealth and prosperity. In the ultimate Three days, Goddess Saraswati is worshipped to earn her blessings in our pursuit of data. Thus we might discover vital variations in Navratri celebrations in several components of India. However, the core idea behind the celebration stays the identical all through; which is the worship of completely different elements of the divine femininity of the supreme Goddess. In some locations, the Dussehra celebration is a commemoration of the victory of Lord Ram over Ravana. Thus on Vijayadashami day, effigies of Ravana, Kumbhakarna, and Meghanada are burnt as half of the celebration.
Significances of Navratri
The Hindu idea of Durga or Shakthi is a manifestation of the omnipresent vitality of the universe. She is the vitality behind the creation, preservation, and destruction. During Navratri, we worship the completely different elements of this vitality and this agrees with the scientific undeniable fact that vitality can neither be created nor be destroyed.
Hinduism offers a lot significance to the mom side of God. The universe or the world we dwell in has the qualities of a mom. Just as a mom loves, cares and offers all comforts to her kids, nature supplies every thing for preserving life. The divine energy controls the motion of celestial our bodies. It makes the Earth rotate and revolve across the Sun; inflicting day and evening and climatic modifications, creating an ideal abode for sustaining life. Hence, we worship this vitality as Mother Goddess.
We observe Navaratri firstly of summer time and firstly of winter that are the 2 necessary junctures of climatic change. Our ancestors have chosen these events because the sacred alternatives for worshipping the divine vitality.