“Anyone complaining of sudden onset of chest pain, breathlessness, uneasiness, and palpitations could be having a heart attack,” says Dr Vaibhav Mishra, Additional Director, division of Cardiac Surgery, Fortis Hospital, Noida. “Which is why,” he continues, “it is important to pick up the early warning signs.”
During a heart attack, the affected person’s heart loses the power to pump blood partially and continues with decrease effectivity permitting the primary hour for medical assist, which is a particularly essential time interval. “The chest pain may or may not radiate to left hand and often varies from central crushing or stabbing pain to mild dull aches, feeling of heart burn, epigastric discomfort bloating and belching. This is often accompanied by intense sweating,” explains Dr Mishra.
Some of the opposite signs embody dizziness and even nausea. Experts add that if these signs persist for greater than 15 minutes it is often a clear indication of heart attack. “Other end of the spectrum would be patients who have collapsed and suddenly become unconscious,” he says.
To enable you to perceive if a particular person could also be having a heart attack and what may be performed throughout that essential second, he suggests the next ideas:
*If the affected person is acutely aware, it is important that they’re moved to a comfy place. Then loosen any tight clothings and ask them if they’re a heart affected person and are carrying Nitroglycerine tablets. These may be administered sublingually. However they shouldn’t be given with out medical supervision if there is no historical past of prior use.
*Aspirin tablets ought to be chewed instantly.
*However, if the particular person is unconscious, start CPR if you’re educated in the identical. If there is AED [automatic defibrillator] obtainable close by, comply with the directions of machine.
“Many hospitals run courses in basic life support (BLS) and every institution, offices or housing societies should have a few people trained in these courses. Similarly, AED devices should be installed at offices, hostels, universities and other places so that people trained in BLS can utilise it effectively,” says Dr Mishra.
He provides that one mustn’t anticipate an ambulance to attain them and as a substitute try to take the affected person to the closest hospital with a cath lab and cardiology services as early as doable. “Also, it’s prudent to inform the Hospital about your arrival in which case most hospitals have a system in place to directly transfer to cath lab for immediate stenting,” he explains.
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How to carry out CPR
Push onerous and quick on the particular person’s chest — about 100 compressions a minute. If you’re educated in CPR, test the particular person’s airway and ship rescue breaths after each 30 compressions. If you haven’t been educated, simply proceed chest compressions. Allow the chest to rise utterly between compressions. Keep doing this till a moveable defibrillator is obtainable or emerge0ncy personnel arrive.